In this article, you will learn how to properly adjust the parking brake in your Subaru Impreza. Having a properly adjusted parking brake is important for the safety and security of your vehicle, so it’s crucial to know how to do it correctly.
Adjusting the parking brake in a Subaru Impreza is a relatively simple process that you can do yourself. First, locate the parking brake lever or pedal and make sure it is fully released. Then, locate the parking brake adjuster, which is typically located underneath the vehicle. Use a wrench to loosen the locknut and turn the adjuster screw until the parking brake lever or pedal is tight and the vehicle does not move when in Park. Once it’s adjusted, tighten the locknut to secure the adjustment. Remember to test the parking brake to ensure it is properly holding the vehicle in place.
Understanding the Parking Brake
What is the parking brake?
The parking brake, also known as the handbrake or emergency brake, is a mechanism in your Subaru Impreza that is used to prevent the vehicle from rolling while it is parked. It is an essential component of the braking system and provides an additional layer of safety when parking on inclines or flat surfaces.
Why is it important to have a properly adjusted parking brake?
Having a properly adjusted parking brake is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, it ensures that the vehicle remains stationary when parked, providing peace of mind and preventing accidents or damages caused by the car rolling away. Secondly, it helps to distribute brake wear evenly, extending the lifespan of the brake components and reducing the need for costly repairs. Additionally, a properly adjusted parking brake is necessary for your vehicle to pass safety inspections and comply with road regulations.
Gathering the Necessary Tools
List of tools required
Before proceeding with adjusting the parking brake in your Subaru Impreza, it is important to gather the necessary tools. Here is a list of tools you will need:
- Jack or lifts
- Jack stands
- Lug wrench
- Screwdriver or pry tool
- Adjustable wrench or pliers
- Brake adjustment tool (if required)
Why are these tools necessary?
The tools listed above are necessary for safely accessing and adjusting the parking brake mechanism. Jacks and jack stands are essential for lifting the vehicle off the ground, providing the necessary clearance to access the underside of the car. A lug wrench is required to loosen and tighten the lug nuts when removing the wheels. Screwdrivers or pry tools are used to remove any necessary panels or covers that may be obstructing access to the parking brake mechanism. An adjustable wrench or pliers will be needed to turn the adjustment bolt and fine-tune the tension. Lastly, a brake adjustment tool may be required if your specific Subaru Impreza model has a unique adjustment mechanism.
Preparing the Vehicle
Finding a safe and level area
Before attempting to adjust the parking brake, it is essential to find a safe and level area to work on your Subaru Impreza. This will ensure that the vehicle remains stable throughout the adjustment process and reduces the risk of accidents or injuries. Look for a flat surface away from traffic and make sure the parking brake is engaged and the engine is turned off.
Engaging the parking brake and turning off the engine
To start the adjustment process, firmly engage the parking brake by pulling up on the parking brake lever or pressing the parking brake pedal, depending on the design of your Subaru Impreza. This will help lock the rear brakes and prevent the vehicle from moving. Additionally, it is important to ensure that the engine is turned off to avoid any potential hazards while working on the parking brake mechanism.
Accessing the Parking Brake Mechanism
Locating the parking brake lever/console
The parking brake lever or console in your Subaru Impreza is usually located between the driver and passenger seats, near the center console. It is typically a hand-operated lever that can be pulled or engaged by either pressing down on a pedal with your foot. Locate the parking brake lever or console to gain access to the parking brake mechanism.
Removing any necessary panels or covers
Depending on the make and model of your Subaru Impreza, there may be panels or covers obstructing access to the parking brake mechanism. Use a screwdriver or pry tool to carefully remove these panels or covers, being mindful not to scratch or damage the surrounding surfaces. This will allow you to access the adjustment points and fine-tune the tension of the parking brake.
Identifying the Adjustment Points
Understanding the different adjustment mechanisms
Subaru Imprezas may have different adjustment mechanisms for the parking brake tension. Some models have an adjustment bolt located near the parking brake lever, while others may require access underneath the vehicle. Understanding the different adjustment mechanisms will help you locate the correct adjustment point for your specific Subaru Impreza model.
Finding the correct adjustment point for your Subaru Impreza
Refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual or consult with a professional mechanic to identify the correct adjustment point for your Subaru Impreza. Once located, make sure the adjustment point is easily accessible and not obstructed by any other components.
Adjusting the Parking Brake Tension
Using the appropriate tools
Before adjusting the parking brake tension, ensure you have the appropriate tools at hand, such as an adjustable wrench or pliers, as mentioned earlier. Using the wrong tools can result in damage to the adjustment bolt or other components.
Turning the adjustment bolt to increase or decrease tension
To adjust the parking brake tension, use the appropriate tool to turn the adjustment bolt. Turning the bolt clockwise will typically increase tension, while turning it counterclockwise will decrease tension. Make small adjustments at a time, testing the parking brake after each adjustment to ensure it is functioning correctly.
Testing the Parking Brake
Applying and releasing the parking brake multiple times
After adjusting the parking brake tension, it is crucial to test it to ensure it is functioning properly. To do this, apply and release the parking brake multiple times to check for any abnormalities or inconsistencies. The parking brake should engage smoothly and hold the vehicle in place without any slippage or sudden release.
Ensuring the vehicle remains stable when the parking brake is engaged
While testing the parking brake, pay attention to the stability of your Subaru Impreza when the parking brake is engaged. The vehicle should remain stationary, with no noticeable rolling or movement. If there is any instability, recheck the adjustment bolt and make further adjustments if necessary.
Fine-Tuning the Adjustment
Repeating the adjustment process if necessary
If the parking brake tension does not meet your desired specifications or the vehicle shows signs of instability, it may be necessary to repeat the adjustment process. This is not uncommon, as fine-tuning the parking brake tension requires careful adjustments to achieve the desired level of tension.
Making small adjustments until the desired tension is achieved
When fine-tuning the adjustment, make small incremental adjustments to the parking brake tension. Test the parking brake after each adjustment to gauge the effectiveness and stability. Repeat this process until the desired tension is achieved. It is essential to take your time and be patient throughout this process to ensure a proper adjustment.
Reassembling the Components
Replacing any panels or covers that were removed
Once you are satisfied with the adjustment of the parking brake tension, replace any panels or covers that were removed earlier. Make sure they are securely reattached to maintain the aesthetics and functionality of your Subaru Impreza.
Ensuring all components are securely reattached
Before concluding the adjustment process, double-check that all components, including panels, covers, and adjustment mechanisms, are securely attached. This will prevent any potential rattling or loose parts while driving.
Understanding how to adjust the parking brake in a Subaru Impreza
In conclusion, adjusting the parking brake in your Subaru Impreza is an important maintenance task that ensures the safety and functionality of your vehicle. By following the proper steps and using the necessary tools, you can easily adjust the parking brake tension to your desired specifications.
Importance of regularly maintaining and adjusting the parking brake
Regularly maintaining and adjusting the parking brake in your Subaru Impreza is essential for several reasons. It ensures the longevity of brake components, prevents accidents or damages caused by the car rolling away, and helps your vehicle comply with safety regulations. By understanding the importance of a properly adjusted parking brake and following the steps outlined in this guide, you can ensure the safety and reliability of your Subaru Impreza for years to come.